Tin - a malleable, ductile and highly crystalline silvery-white metal, is been used widely in various industries due to its exclusive physical properties and chemical properties :

-> TIN is used as an alloy with other metal in soldering applications
-> Used to coat other metals such as 'steel can' to prevent corrosion
-> High quality water distillation apparatus are made of tin because of its low reactivity
-> Highly suitable for a roofing material - as Tin resists Corrosion from water and offers a light weight to the material
-> Used in making ornamental elements to decorate the doors, window heads and roof
-> Tin coated sheets are fixed in doors and windows as the metal is fire resistive

Tin Ceiling Tile

Tin Sheets

Tin Coated Metals

Soldering Applications


-> The main uses for Rutile are the manufacture of refractory ceramic, as a pigment, and for the production of titanium metal
-> Finely powdered Rutile is a brilliant white pigment and is used in paints, plastics, paper, foods, and other applications that call for a bright white color
-> Titanium dioxide pigment is the single greatest use of titanium worldwide
-> Nano scale particles of Rutile are used in sunscreens to protect against UV-induced skin damage
-> Used in making welding electrode

Powdered White Rutile in Plastics

Powdered White Rutile in Paper

Rutile-Titanium Tubing Fabrication

Titanium Tool


-> Zircon is mainly consumed as an opacifier
-> Used in the decorative ceramics industry
-> Used for the manufacture of ceramics & Refractories
-> Used in high-tech industrial applications such as Armour plating on Military Aircraft, heat shield in Space shuttles
-> Used as Solid Oxide Fuel Cells in many Chemical Industries and in Desalination plants
-> Used in sand casting foundries due to its high thermal conductivity which causes it to chill the cast giving a better surface finish
-> Used as Gemstone

Zircon Decorative Ceramics

Used in Sand Casting Foundries

Zircon Sand

Zircon Ceramics


-> Ilmenite is the chief ore for Titanium which is widely used as pigment in :
    * Paint Industry
    * Paper Industry
    * Plastic Industry
-> Used in the preparation of Titanium Metal
-> Used for making welding electrodes
-> Used as coating and lining flux for blast furnace
-> Used as sand blasting agent in die-casting dies

Ilmenite Pigment in Paint Industry


Ilmenite Sand

Titanium Metal